The single flip (simple) hem where in fact the fabric edge is merely folded under and sewn with one type of top stitches. The natural edge is usually finished beforehand with an overclocked or with zig-zag stitches. The double fold hem (also known as the double turn-back and topstitch) is a intensify from this hem and has two folds so that the raw edge is enclosed.

The faced hem uses single-fold bias tape/binding or hem facing, that are whitening strips of fabric with folds. They may be sewn to the fabric advantage and sewn to the comparative back of the fabric, out of view. This method can be used on thicker fabrics to reduce mass at the advantage, can be utilized if you haven’t still left enough allowance for a regular hem, or can be used if you just like the appearance of it.

You may use ready-made facing or make your own. Seam binding is in which a ribbon-like remove – which can be called seam binding or hem tape – is utilized to attach the fabric advantage to the reverse of the fabric. You can get different decorative tapes such as ribbons hem tape, which is wonderful for using on knit or light-weight materials especially.

A bound hem (also called a bias binding hem) is where the double-fold bias binding is used to sew around an uncooked advantage to enclose it completely. This method can be used for decorative edging on bags mostly, clothes, and quilts. Other hem types are the blind hem, the rolled hem, and the narrow hem. The faced hem, the bound seam and hem binding are ideal for curved edges.

This is basically because the excess tapes, bindings, and materials used in these procedures are cut on the bias therefore have a bit of stretch and can be formed around curves. Rolled hems are well suited if you are using a thin enough fabric also. The narrower the hem you sew, the easier it is when dealing with curved hems.

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X is an extended size than Y, which is where curved edges become trickier than those easy straight hems! One option to try to make the problem minimized is to really have the difference between X and Y no more than possible i.e. have a small hem. A rolled hem technique is wonderful for this.

First measure your hem allowance i.e. how much fabric you will fold over to form the hem, with a sewing gauge or ruler. Mark this line along the curve with a special fabric marker that will wash off or fade over time, so is temporary. Sew a basting stitch near to the edge of the fabric.

In this example I’ll presume the hem allowance is 5/8″ so I would baste at approx 1/4″ from the advantage. You can hand baste with a working stitch or you may use a long direct stitch on the sewing machine, which would be more speedily. Use the longest stitch setting (around 5mm usually), or if you have a pre-set basting stitch on your machine to use that.